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Maus II
History of Holocaust

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History of Holocaust
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Art Spiegelman
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A history of the most brutal event in human history

History
     The Holocaust was the most horrible occurence since the extinction of the dinosaurs, and is the largest mass killing in all of human history. "Holocaust" is literally defined as, "Sacrifice or loss of many lives, as if the burning of a theater or a ship." The Holocaust was the worst part of the second World War.
     The Holocaust was begun by the largest political group in Germany at that time, the Nazis, in 1934, a year after Adolf Hitler became the Chancellor. Hitler thought that the Germans of that time should follow the ideals of their ancestors, the Aryans, a warlike people that conquered many different places. One of the things that the Aryans practiced was nontolerence for anyone who wasn't blond-haired, blue-eyed, Christian, and not gay. As a result of this, Hitler didn't like anyone who didn't fit into those categories (even though he had brown eyes and hair), but he especially didn't like the Jews. On September 15, 1935, Hitler ruled that Jews were no longer citizens of Germany.
     From there, things got steadily worse. On November 8, 1937, an exhibit degrading and falsifying Jews was put up in Nuremburg. On June 9, 1938, 2000 Jews were arrested and sent to concentration camps. On November 10, 1938, 91 Jews were killed, 30,000 were put in concentration camps, 8000 were evicted from Berlin, more than 10,000 Jewish shops and homes were destroyed, and 191 synogogues were burnt by the Nazi regime.  I could keep listing these stories: between September 3 and 14, 1939, more than 1, 577 Jews were shot or burned alive; on October 9, 1939, 5,500 Jews were told to relocate from Poland.  The list goes on and on.
History (continued)
      Millions of Jew were sent to various concentration camps.  Some of these, like Chelmno, were death camps; Jews were sent there to be killed.  Others, like Janowska, were labor camps; the Jews were made to work until they died.  Some of the worst include Bergen-Belsen, Treblinka, Auschwitz, Birkenau, and Dachau.
     All and all, the Holocaust was a horrible thing.  The leader, Hitler, was a madman; he killed himself as soon as he knew that he wasn't going to win the war.  Many Jews, gypsies, gays, sympathizers, and POWs were brutally killed by the horrendous Nazi regime in place at the time, and the killing would have gone on if Hitler had won the war.
Some Numbers
6,000,000- estimated number of Jews killed.
12,000,000- estmated number of people killed.
3,000,000- estimated number of Jews killed in Poland.
2/5- the ratio of surviving European Jews to the number
       who originally lived in Europe.
30/31- the ratio of Jews killed in Poland to Jews living
           in Poland before the Holocaust.
1933- the year Hitler became Chancellor of Germany.
1945- the year Hitler shot his girlfriend, then himself,
          in his bunker.